Have a look at this pasture. We see the cows have maximum access to the six freedoms of pasture: feed, water, air, light, rest and space
Very important is to notice the herd behavior. Cows do everything together: they rest and eat at the same time. Your aim should be to make this behavior possible in the barn as well. Therefore, make sure you have one resting space and one feeding space per cow. This is crucial in preventing disease.
Have another look at this video here and note how all the cows are lying down at the same time:
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